On February 1, Human Rights Watch urged Kazakhstani authorities to conduct a prompt, independent, and effective investigation into all allegations of human rights abuses, including arbitrary detentions, cruel treatment, torture, deaths in custody, and unlawful killings. All those responsible for violations must be brought to justice. HRW also demanded that human rights defenders be provided access to the country in order to monitor the status of those who were detained during January’s protests and unrest[1]

On February 1, in Shymkent city, the parents of the suspects, who have been arrested for two months, gathered in front of the building of Al-Farabi District Prosecutor’s Office and ICh-167/11 facility. They addressed publicly to the people and the president of the country to protect their sons, because they do not believe in justice. All of the people arrested were charged under the same Articles 255, 380, 293, 202, 287, and 188 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan[2]

On February 1, in Almaty, 9 persons detained in connection with the January events were replaced with a preventive measure not related to imprisonment. Activists and representatives of the Amanat Public Commission who were present informed about this fact[3]

February 1, Shymkent, Aibek Sabitov, Article 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK, the police petitioned the court with the request to increase the punishment, the grounds were the violation of probation. On January 4, 2022, he participated in a rally that was not authorized by the authorities and was held administratively liable for doing so. The Al-Farabi District Court ordered to imprison the civil activist[4]

On February 1, in the Almaty region, Karasai district, an investigator of the Department of Internal Affairs without a court decision stated that the bodies of Usabaev Ruslan and Korober Vadim, who died during the January protests in Almaty, will be exhumed. Considering the evidence that the authorities are trying to conceal the shooting of demonstrators and murders by torture and that the bodies were then buried in unmarked graves, there are grounds for believing that in this case, the authorities also want to conceal the fact of the murders[5].

On February 1, in Zhanaozen, teachers protested against transferring their schools in trust management, claiming that this would make the institutions private and cause deterioration of their working conditions. Earlier, the regional akim Nogayev reported that 10 schools in Zhanaozen are planned to be handed over under the trust management of a group of businessmen working in the area of education in the city of Nur-Sultan[6].

On February 1, in Almaty, family members of the people, who were detained in connection with the January events, gathered near the city prosecutor’s office and made a number of demands. While some called for people to be transferred to a hospital or released home for treatment, others called for the release of those, who had been illegally detained, to stop torture, and others called for a fair investigation and not to charge civilians with grave offenses[7]

On February 1, 12 criminal cases of torture by law enforcement officers were opened in Almaty, said lawyer Kuspan Abzal, the leader of the Amanat Public Commission[8]

February 1, Almaty, almost a month after the tragic events, the Kazakh authorities have not provided a list of those who died in January 2022. Human rights activists believe that these names should be published. G. Ageleuov, Head of the Liberty Foundation, thinks that «the authorities were afraid» to provide the list[9]

On February 1, in Almaty, the previously arrested Nurgeldy Zhumabekov was released and allowed to go home. He was wounded in the arm during a protest on January 5 and remained in a serious condition in the hospital. On January 20, after an improvement in his condition, he was removed to a pre-trial detention facility. His relatives and activists managed to secure Nurgeldy’s release under house arrest[10]

On February 1, a list of persons, who were placed under administrative arrest in Temirtau, Kulsary, and Aksai for their participation in the January 2022 protests was published[11].

On February 1, in Nur-Sultan, residents of the town of Zhanaozen, who have come to the capital city, organized a picket because of unemployment in the oil-producing single-industry town, and urged to provide them with jobs in the oil industry. The riot police did not allow them access to the Akorda residence.  They were invited to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, and had a meeting with the Adviser to the Minister[12]

On February 1, in Nur-Sultan, the court announced the resolution of the civil case against the activist Aidar Syzdykov. The court upheld the claims against Nurseit A., Askarova B., Usembayeva R.V., employees of the pre-trial detention facility, and with respect to the other plaintiffs, the court ordered the defendants to pay 10000 tenge each as compensation for legal support.  The expert examination has proved the fact of insulting the three plaintiffs[13]

On February 1, journalist and blogger Kuspan Jenis was summoned by the investigator of the Investigative Unit of the Baykonir district police department in Nur-Sultan to appear for questioning as a witness in a criminal case. The reason was the exposure of the fake video. After seeing a video in one of the WhatsApp group where the police officers were supposedly singing the anthem and shouting “Shal ket!”, he immediately wrote in the group: “Ticktocker prank and the sound was added!”He also posted it on his Facebook page[14]

On February 1, in Almaty, Saken Talipov, Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK was arrested on suspicion of participating in protests in January 2022.  The police tortured the 17-year-old Saken and forced him to give false testimony against himself on terrorism charges; his mother and a lawyer were not present during the interrogation of the minor Saken. For Saken’s refusal to give false testimony after being tortured on February 3, 2022, the investigator brought an additional charge against him under Article 380 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan[15].

On February 2, in Almaty, at 15:00 a.m., a court session was held in the administrative court with the participation of Sanavar Zakirova and a representative of the defendant from the Department of the Penal Executive System. In 2020, while in a pre-trial detention facility, she filed appeals to the Committee of the Penal and Correctional System of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan. However, the appeals have not reached the addressee. She filed a lawsuit with the court claiming to recognize the actions of the defendant as illegal[16]

On February 2, in Taldykorgan, the spouse of Azamat Batyrbaev, who was detained under Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, reported that he has been tortured and beaten. According to social networks, he was involved in the demolition of the monument to Nazarbayev, while Batyrbayev’s spouse has denied her husband’s involvement in the incident[17]

On February 2, in Nur-Sultan, the Parliament approved Nazarbayev’s removal from the political reforms. The Senate returned to the Majilis the draft law “On the First President”. The Majilis of the Parliament has been considering the adoption of the Senate amendments seeking to abolish Nazarbayev’s right to influence foreign and domestic policy[18]

On February 2, in Almaty, Arman Dzhumageldiev, also known as “Dikiy Arman” (Wild Arman), Article 272, Part 1 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was taken out of the TDF of the City police department at night and taken to the pre-trial detention facility of the Department of National Security Committee.  According to his lawyers, he was suspected of organizing mass riots during the January protests. The lawyers also said that their client was not suicidal and was ready to cooperate with the investigation[19]

On February 2, in Nur-Sultan, a meeting was held to protest against infill development in the capital city and backfilling of Taldykol Lake. People were demanding to restore the backfilled areas of the lake to their original boundaries at the expense of those who backfilled them. They also asked President Tokayev to dismiss Akim Kulginov Altai[20]

On February 2, in the village of Bestobe, Akmola region, environmental activists Nikolai Katchiyev and Alexandra Nazarenko were charged under Article 174 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan with inciting social hatred and arbitrariness. The pre-trial investigation has found that Katchiyev was only fighting for ecology “to destabilize the political, economic, and social situation in the village of Bestobe” and that his statements were aimed at “disseminating false information about the work of Kazakhaltyn Technology LLP,” and that he was calling for active action[21]

On February 2, in Nur-Sultan, film critic Sulukhan Erlan referred to the order to “shoot to kill without warning” during the January events as a “crime” and made a post on Facebook demanding that President Tokayev be held accountable for the deaths of each and every person killed. A few days later Sulukhan was fired[22]

On February 2, in Nur-Sultan, the Majilis of Kazakhstan declared the necessity to “return to the country the funds stolen from the people”. According to the Tax justice network, , about 140-160 billion dollars were withdrawn from Kazakhstan to foreign offshore zones over the past 25 years”,  MP Maksat Ramankulov of the Ak Zhol faction said at a plenary session of the Majilis [23]

February 2, Almaty, Orken Erzat, Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK, because of Erzat’s health condition the preventive measure was changed to a written pledge not to leave[24]

February 3, a list of persons placed under administrative arrest in Aralsk, Balkhash, Merke, and Zhetysay during the protests in Kazakhstan in January 2022[25]

On February 3, in Nur-Sultan, the General Prosecutor’s Office of Kazakhstan has responded to reports of “torture with an iron” of 38-year-old Batyrbayev Azamat. “In the course of interrogation, he testified that on January 10, the law enforcement officers inflicted bodily injuries on him”. Based on this statement by Batyrbaev, the Department of the Anti-Corruption Service of the Almaty region opened a criminal case for torture[26]

On February 3, in Atyrau, witnesses provided grenades and other special items that were used against protesters who had gathered in the square during the January protests against the gas price increase[27]

On February 3, an unprecedented for Kazakhstan hearing was held in the UK Parliament. The initiator and special speaker was Dame Margaret Hodge, Co-chair of the Anti-Corruption Committee and Responsible Tax in Great Britain. She suggested imposing sanctions against Nazarbayev’s family and his entourage[28]

February 3, a letter from the LA-155/18 from those wounded and detained:  “Everyone needs lawyers, medicine; we have no relatives in Almaty. Please help us distribute this letter. Send to everyone on social networks, Instagram, Telegram. Address the UN, the EU. This is a list of people, please help, everyone is seriously injured. Tell the human rights defenders that we are detained for no reason”[29]

On February 3, in Almaty, another 8 people were released, Kerimbek G., Erzat O., Rysbaev S., Tankish E., Zhaksylyk Sh., Akhmetov A., Karsybaev Zhandos., Taszhurekov B. “Thanks to the Amanat Public Commission, about 50 people were released,” said the representative of the Commission[30]

On February 3, in Zhanaozen, hundreds of unemployed residents of the city recorded a video appeal to President Tokayev: “We demand that all unemployed people in the oil and gas sector be provided with prospective and stable jobs”. At the same time, they expressed their lack of confidence in the local authorities, blaming them for injustice[31]

On February 3, in Almaty, lawyers and human rights activists informed that criminal cases were opened against 8 mothers of many children under Article 272 of the Criminal Code in Kyzylorda city, some of whom are kept in custody. The juveniles were also detained in the detention center in Taraz. This was reported at a meeting at the press center of the Kazakhstan Bureau for Human Rights[32]

On February 3, in Nur-Sultan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan stated: “Kazakhstan condemns any cases of disproportionate use of force, unlawful detention, torture and cruel treatment of detainees. Any information regarding unlawful detention and abuse will be thoroughly investigated. Investigative authorities are investigating all the facts they have been reported”, the ministry said in a statement[33]

February 3, Turkestan Oblast, Sabit-Syzdykbek, Article 405(2) of the Criminal Code of the RK, Otyrar District Court denied a motion for early release. A representative of the probation service said that he had complied with the conditions of probation, but that he had violated a 3-year ban on social and political activity by publishing a post on his page about changing the political system[34]

On 3 February in Almaty, Timur Kim, Article 255, Part 4 of the Criminal Code of the RK, was released from arrest for the period of investigation due to public speeches of Timur’s wife, and thanks to public support and transparency. During his arrest, Kim T. has been tortured and beaten[35]

On February 4, the Coalition against Torture received 72 reports on torture and other forms of unlawful treatment. Including: Almaty, 17; Taldykorgan, 15; Shymkent, 4; East Kazakhstan region, 5; West Kazakhstan region, 7; Aktobe, 3; Atyrau, 5; Karaganda, 1; Kostanay, 2; Pavlodar region, 2; Taraz, 5; Kyzylorda, 6. There were 9 complaints from women and 63 from men, 10 of which were from underage children[36]

On February 4, according to the Coalition, in Taldykorgan city 12 juveniles were detained in the pre-trial detention facility. In Almaty city, in LA-155/18 facility there were 3 cases of detention.  All of them were subjected to torture and beatings. A criminal investigation will be opened for minors. It is reported that cases involving minors were conducted without the participation of juvenile inspectors, juvenile psychologists and teachers. And their health complaints or requests for help were ignored[37]

February 4, Nur-Sultan, “The prosecutor’s office received 148 complaints regarding the use of the “illegal methods of investigation”.  Criminal cases were initiated on 105 of them. Most of the complaints were about “exceeding authority and official powers,” said representative of the General Prosecutor’s Office Kilymzhanov Yeldos[38]

On February 4, in Kyzylorda, the police requested the regional akim to “take measures” against Abibullayeva Aida, a deputy of the local maslikhat and member of the Nur-Otan party. The reason for the request was the Facebook posts in support of the demands of the Zhanaozen protesters at the beginning of the year. The police regarded the publications as “provocative and immoral”. The deputy intends to file a suit to the court[39]

On February 4, in Shymkent, Murat Zholshiev reported that as a result of the January events 73 people were taken to hospitals with bullet wounds, 49 of them were treated as inpatients, another 24 were treated as outpatients. When they requested the morgue to provide information about the number of dead, they received an answer that the information would only be released to the investigating authorities[40].  

On February 4, in Nur-Sultan city, the trial over the suit of the journalist Aynur Koskina against the former deputy Tleukhan Bekbolat was completed. The court found the former deputy Tleukhan Bekbolat not guilty of using violence against the journalist[41]

February 4, the list of those who died as a result of the January events is being compiled at . 173 names have been collected, according to the official version, 227 people. The data collection is going on with great difficulties[42]

On February 4, in Ust-Kamenogorsk, a group of people headed by Maslikhat deputy Sergei Korotin showed up at the office of activist Roman Chestnykh with a counter-petition in support of the city akim, because on February 3, R. Chestnykh had initiated an online petition to dismiss akim Zhaksylyk Omar. Roman Chestnykh’s petition was signed by 1.3 thousand people within less than a day[43]

On February 4, in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Raigul Sadyrbaeva, Article 272 , Part 2, Article 269, Part 3 of the Criminal Code of the RK, being in an investigation isolator, filed a complaint to the Prosecutor General of Kazakhstan about torture, abuse, threats of rape and insults against her by law enforcement officers[44]

On February 5, in Almaty, at least a hundred people gathered in Valikhanov Square, demanding the resignation of Akim E. Dosayev. Police officers watched the rally from the sidelines and did not intervene in the course of events[45]

On February 5, the Kazakhstan Coalition Against Torture stated that an unbiased investigation into the “Bloody January” cases should be conducted, but fabrication of charges, torture and cruel treatment of detainees and arrestees would be absolutely unacceptable[46]

February 5, Zhanaozen, residents gathered again in front of the city Akimat, demanding a stable job in the oil industry. The protesters say that the scheme developed in the city for hiring in outsourcing companies with subsequent reassignment to positions in “Ozenmunaigas”, in fact, does not work, and they have been waiting years for vacancies[47]

February 5, the Western press has noted a “weak” response to human rights violations in Kazakhstan. «Human rights groups and activists are documenting a realm of terror that was established long before the order to shoot to kill. Collected video footage and testimonies, as well as New York Times interviews with protesters and their families, reveal a ruthless campaign of brutality and intimidation[48].  

February 5, the answer of the General Prosecutor’s Office to human rights activist Toregozhina’s request to provide the number and names of those who died during the protests of 5-7 January 2022 stated:  “In reply to your inquiry of 31.01.22, we inform you that on January 15 225 people were reported dead. Other information about the dead in accordance with Article 201 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the RK is currently not subject to disclosure”[49]

On February 5, in Taldykorgan, deputies of the Majilis of the Parliament of Kazakhstan, during their visit to A.Batyrbaev, who is currently in hospital and who was tortured with an iron during interrogation, asked him the following question: «Does he regret what he has done?». The lawyer of the detainee believes that this is illegal and an attempt to put pressure on his client[50]

On February 6, in Almaty, Yermek Narymbayev, convicted under Article 174 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, who has returned to Kazakhstan from Ukraine after six years of political emigration, was detained at the airport during the passport control. He was sent to the LA-155/18 facility in the village of Zarechny for violating the probation treatment in 2016[51]

On February 7, in Almaty, the counter-terrorism headquarters reported that the situation in the city has stabilized. High “orange” terrorism threats level in Almaty was cancelled on February 7 at midnight[52]

On February 7, Ashley Reidy (HRW), provided a legal evaluation of the January events : «In fact, at the time, the primary goal should have been to protect protesters from being injured and to enforce the right to life. This was supposed to be the main task, so ordering to shoot to kill, without warning, was a violation of all international standards for the use of force and maintaining order during protests[53]

On February 7, in Zhanaozen, the protesters gathered again in front of the akimat, in their words, there were 2500 people on the list of people seeking employment.  The akim suggested meeting and establishing a commission. The protesters did not agree because they believe that everything will result in nepotism and cronyism[54]

On February 7, the public activist Zhasaral Kuanyshalin initiated the establishment of the Center for Bloody January research, because he believes that the existing commissions were under the control of the authorities. It was announced that the work “will not be based on anyone’s political interests”[55]

February 7, Nur-Sultan, Special prosecutors released from detention facilities 76 suspected persons: in Almaty — 66, in Taldykorgan — 6, in Kyzylorda — 3, in East-Kazakhstan Region — 1. The arrest was replaced with a written pledge not to leave, house arrest and under personal guarantee. “Among them were two women and nine minors”, reported Ozharov Rizabek, a representative of the Prosecutor General’s Office[56].

February 7, Almaty Oblast, Talgar city, the akim of the city threatens and tries to expel Zhanar Baitelova, a journalist and local activist, from the city for her regular efforts to highlight the city’s environmental and municipal problems[57]

On February 7, in Almaty, a court session was held at which the Ecological Society « Zelenoye Spaseniye» («Green Salvation») filed a lawsuit against the Akimat of Almaty. The activists believe that the agency does not take measures to establish a protection zone around the Ile-Alatau State National Park[58]

On February 7, in Nur-Sultan, 80-year-old Ibrahim Kozybayev picketed the Parliament, demanding that the capital city be given back its original name of Akmola. He planned to protest for several hours, so that as many people as possible could watch his protest. However, he had to fold the banner and leave, since the officers who guard the approaches to the presidential residence had arrived at the place of the picket[59]

On February 7, in Nur-Sultan, the court issued an arrest warrant against former NSC deputy chairman Daulet Yergozhin, who occupied the position from November 2016 to January of this year[60]

On February 7, in Nur-Sultan, President K. Tokayev signed amendments that deprive the first President, N. Nazarbayev, of the opportunity to chair the Security Council and the Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan for life[61].  

On February 7, lawyer Bauyrzhan Azanov stated at an online press conference that the authorities were exerting pressure on his client A. Batyrbayev, who was detained after the toppling of the Nazarbayev monument in the city of Taldykorgan. The statement was made after reports that deputies visited Batyrbaev without notifying his lawyer[62].

On February 7, in Nur-Sultan, the General Prosecutor’s Office of Kazakhstan stated at a briefing that during the January events “various forces used peaceful rallies” and that “some leaders of law enforcement agencies deliberately blocked the actions of special forces units”[63]

On February 7, in Karaganda, the trial over the contract killing of the activist from the village of Atasu Galy Baktybaev started again. The case was being heard in an open court session. The judge has allowed media representatives to attend the trial online, but has prohibited them to report on it. He also intended to prohibit journalists from audio recording, but later he granted permission[64]

February 7, a month has passed since the tragic events of January, according to official data 227 people were killed and more than a thousand were injured. Akorda, stating that the country has been attacked by “terrorists who have been trained abroad”, gave the order to “shoot on sight” and asked for help from the CSTO. Civil society and international organizations criticized the authorities for “the excessive use of force” and urged an open and independent investigation into the events that resulted in fatalities[65]

On February 7, Secretary of State Yerlan Karin stated that “on January 6, security forces did not fire on civilians in Almaty”. These statements of the Secretary of State do not agree with the statements of relatives of the victims, who claim that their relatives were shot by the military[66]

On 7 February in Ust-Kamenogorsk, when activist Ruslan Nurkanov, convicted under Article 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was transferred from the facility ОВ-156/1 to the facility ОВ-156/3, a blade was planted on him. After that, Ruslan was placed in a disciplinary cell for 3 days. This provocation was arranged in order to deny Nurkanov a parole[67]

On February 8, a website was launched at, where anyone can access the current list of victims of the January events: those missing, detained, wounded and killed, as well as learn details of the incidents and list updates. Also on the website you can fill out a questionnaire and add information about the victims[68]

On February 8, in Shymkent city, relatives of people detained in connection with the January events gathered again at the City Prosecutor’s Office building. Last week, the prosecutor’s office said it would answer questions from relatives demanding to release people who, according to them, are suspected of terrorism for no reason. Azattyk reporter was not allowed into the prosecutor’s office to meet with relatives of detainees[69]

On February 8, in Almaty, human rights activist B. Toregozhina compiled a list of civil activists arrested for 2 months[70]

February 8, the list of persons placed under administrative arrest in Arys, Arkalyk, Kandyagash, Zhanakorgan, Ayagoz, Khromtau, Saryagash, Yereymentau  for their participation in the  QANTAR 2022 events[71]

On February 8, in Zhanaozen, the strike of KMG-Security guards began in the evening; they spent the night in the yurt which they have set up. Employees of KMG-Security, a subsidiary of KazMunayGas, have stopped work. They were demanding higher wages and accession to the Ozenmunaigas joint-stock company without intermediaries[72]

February 8, Akmola region, village Bestobe, Nikolai Katchiev, Alexandra Nazarenko, Article 174 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the court hearing began with the interrogation of the main witnesses in the case[73].

On February 8, in Almaty, detentions took place near the building of the Chinese consulate in Almaty during an open-ended action held by relatives of people disappeared or forcibly detained in Chinese Xinjiang. Akitkhan Khalida, Akikat Khaliola, Omirali Gulbaran, Yermekbayeva Nurzat with her minor child were detained[74].

On February 8, in Zhanaozen, unemployed residents of the city have continued to protest for the 7th day. In the morning, the Deputy Akim of Mangistau region, representatives of “KazMunayGas” and “Ozenmunaygas” companies came to meet them. The protesters said that they were not going to conclude an agreement with any commission and were only demanding to get employed[75].

On February 8, 21 members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) condemned a campaign of disinformation by the Kazakh government that 20,000 unidentified terrorists were responsible for the unrest to justify the internet and telecommunications blackouts, persecution and torture of activists. Also, the introduction of CSTO troops into Kazakhstan to help fight against protesters was unacceptable and should be investigated at the international level[76].

On February 8, in Almaty, in the administrative court the court ruling against the plaintiff Sanavar Zakirova was pronounced. The court came to the conclusion that the alleged claim was unfounded. The registration log does not contain the dates of the registered applications, these appeals for subsequent referral should be recorded in the log, but the court found that this was not the case. The court was critical of the testimony of the witnesses on the part of the convicts serving their sentences. In this regard, Zakirova’s claim was denied[77].

On February 9, Nur-Sultan, Majilis of the Parliament: “The prosecutor’s office received 250 complaints about the use of «prohibited methods of investigation””. Criminal proceedings were initiated on 133 of the complaints received. “These files are under the strict control of the prosecutor’s office, and a procedural prosecutor has been appointed for each case”, a representative of the General Prosecutor’s Office said[78]

On February 9, in the Aktobe Region, the village of Monke-Bi, Ruslanbek Zhubanazarov, who was killed in Aktobe on January 7 and later reported to have been a “terrorist”,was buried. The body was released to relatives on February 8.  Earlier, the police stated, referring to the law “On counter-terrorism”, that the body would not be released for burial and the burial place would not be disclosed[79]

On February 9, in Zhanaozen, the workers of the oilfield service company Burgylau went on strike. They made more than a dozen demands to the employer, including payment of overtime and improvement of working conditions. Drilling work was completely stopped, about 400-500 people gathered at the bus terminal, where the workers were on strike[80]

On February 9, in Aktau, around 10 p.m., mothers of many children and mothers of disabled children approached the regional akimat building, blocked the road and demanded that the akim come out to them. The protesters demanded the privatization of rental housing[81]

On February 9, the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan responded to a request from the editorial board of Vice-Minister S. Kamaletdinov said that the soldiers have not used weapons against civilians. “The military personnel of the armed forces of the Almaty garrison and senior cadets of military educational institutions were mobilized in order to ensure public safety”, says the official reply of the Ministry. Also, the exact number of troops mobilized for the mission was not specified[82]

On February 9, in Almaty, Bulat Abilov invited all citizens who are not indifferent to the meeting in memory of the victims of the January tragedy in Almaty. The meeting took place on February 13 at 12 o’clock on the Republic Square[83]

On February 9, Human Rights Watch (HRW) reiterated its call for “the Kazakhstani authorities to ensure the participation of international experts in the domestic efforts to investigate human rights violations during the January events. To ensure that its findings are taken as credible”[84]

On February 9, in Almaty, lawyer Zhanara Balgabaeva met with her client E. Narymbaev in PDF LA-155/18 facility “According to the court order, he got 2 years and 5 months to serve his sentence. We will try to have this ruling reversed.Inquiries were made about the illegal border crossing. If the case was initiated, it should have been terminated due to the expiration of the limitation period. If it was not initiated, then it will fall under the amnesty”, said the lawyer[85]

February 9, Taldykorgan, 4 victims of torture identified a criminal police officer Kenzhebaev, and later he was detained by officers of the Anti-Corruption Service. In the evening, representatives of the police gathered outside the building of the department of the Anti-Corruption Service, and threatened to resign massively. Later Kenzhebayev was released[86]

On February 10, in Aktobe, more than a hundred inspectors visited the office of QazServiceGroup, a company providing billing services to the gas operator KazTransGas, and expressed their discontent with the wage, which is 60,280 tenge, and demanded that it be increased by 100%. “There are 1,500 users per inspector, and we won’t deliver January receipts, or seal and check consumption meters until our demands are met,» said Raihan Gabdolova, an employee”[87]

February 10, Almaty, Saken Talipov, a 17-year-old citizen of Uzbekistan, remained in custody. Two criminal cases were opened against him after the January events. Uzbekistan sent a note of protest to Kazakhstan[88]

On February 10, at the meeting with the leader of Russia, President Tokayev once again said: “Indeed, it was a well-planned operation of international terrorists who attacked Kazakhstan with the aim of undermining the constitutional order and, of course, committing a coup d’etat”[89]

On 10 February, in Taraz, Bagdat Baktybaev, who was convicted under Article 405, Parts 1/2 of the Criminal Code of the RK, cut his wrists in the ZhDU-158/2 facility to protest against violations of his rights[90].  

February 10, Almaty, a man by the name of Zangar, called from an unknown number to torture victim Sayat Adilbekuly and demanded him to appear to the police without summons and explain why the publication of Sayat saying that he has been shot, taken from the hospital, tortured, prosecuted for political reasons, that he has filed a complaint about torture — appeared on the website of Mukhtar Ablyazov[91]

On February 10, Nur-Sultan, civil activists protested against the baseless allegation of the representative of the General Prosecutor’s Office R. Ozharov, who stated on February 7 that members of the DCK and Koshe Partiyasy had allegedly instigated the mass unrest and took part in them at the beginning of January 2022 [92]

February 10, Shymkent, thanks to the efforts of the Amanat Public Commission, four more people, detained during the January protests, Abdyrasilov M.B., Azhibayev S., Asetbek K.S., Asetbek N.N., were released from the detention facility[93]

February 10, Shymkent, «87 criminal cases have been opened, 76 persons have been detained. People with disabilities and minors were among those detained.  At least 19 people died, the identity of one of the victims has not yet been established. The Prosecutor’s Office received 20 complaints of torture of detainees and criminal cases were opened with regard to 15 of them», said Deputy Prosecutor N. Seydaliyev during a meeting with family members of the detainees[94]

On February 10, in Zhanaozen, protesting citizens expressed no confidence in the commission established by the Mangistau regional Akimat. They demanded that the State Secretary E. Karin and the Chairman of the Board of KazMunayGas A. Aidarbayev visited them and listened to them[95]

On February 11, in the Mangistau region, employees of 3 other companies recorded video appeals to the president of Kazakhstan, complaining about poor working conditions and demanding an increase in wages. Workers of railroads, public utilities and oil workers took part in the protest[96]

On February 11, in Bishkek, Vikram Ruzakhunov, a jazz musician, expressed his gratitude to everyone who helped him return to Kyrgyzstan and said that “no one from the Kazakhstani law enforcement authorities has believed him, though he kept saying during interrogations and torture that he was a well-known musician. I was forced to incriminate myself to get released”. He said that all his official statements have been made “for the sake of all those who are still hostages in Kazakhstan, and his every word might have an impact on them”[97].  

On February 11, in Nur-Sultan city, the initiative group “SOS.Taldykol” has received another refusal to their application to hold a rally to protect Maly Taldykol Lake. The reply given by the Head of the Department of Internal Policy, Babamuratov Dauren stated that as of January 9, 2022 the capital city was in the “red” zone in terms of epidemiological situation, and therefore they have been refused to hold the rally[98]

On February 11, human rights activist B. Toregozhina asked a rhetorical question to the NSC: «Is there a department to combat Ablyazov and his supporters from the DCK and the Koshe partiyasy? This department has people working all over the country, hunting down and interrogating dozens and hundreds of people. How many people work in this department? What is its annual budget?”[99]

On February 11, in Ust-Kamenogorsk, relatives of the persons who were detained in connection with the January events visited the regional prosecutor’s office. The mothers and wives who attended expressed their concern about the lack of progress in the cases of their relatives and claimed that the rights of the detainees have been violated. They expressed indignation at the fact that a month had passed without any results[100]

On February 11, lawyer A. Kuspan, the Head of the Amanat Commission, has denied the existence of agreements with the authorities, answering the question of Radio Azattyk. Kuspan said that he set up the commission “on his own initiative”. In his words, the authorities only gave permission to meet with prosecutors, review documents, and visit prisons. His expenses were being covered by private sponsors[101]

On February 11, Uralsk, Bekbolat Utebaev, previously convicted under Article 488, Part 11 of the Administrative Offences Code of the RK, was fined another 107205 tenge after a one-man protest in front of the Nur Otan party branch, where Utebaev claimed that he disagreed with the charges brought against him and that he had only exercised his constitutional right to express his opinion in public[102]

On February 11, in Shymkent, activist Maksat Duisebayev submitted a “notification” to the akimat regarding the holding of an action on February 19 in Nauryz Square with demands to release detainees and to stop persecution for their political opinions. On February 15, the akimat denied the action due to incomplete information provided, particularly because of the absence of “procedural regulations of peaceful assemblies”[103]

On February 12, in Nur-Sultan, 305 complaints from detainees were received by the prosecutor’s office, among them 62 complaints about the unauthorized methods of investigation were not confirmed, and 170 criminal cases ‘on torture and abuse of power” were opened. Special prosecutors have 177 cases on “mass riots and acts of terrorism” and 779 people remain in custody. “After examination of the identity, state of health and other materials, the arrests of 109 citizens have been changed to a written pledge not to leave the country and personal surety. 103 people have been released due to lack of proof of their participation in the riots”, said Prosecutor General Gizat Nurdauletov at a meeting of the Security Council[104]

On February 12, in Almaty, the day before the mourning rally planned for January 13, 2022, human rights activist B. Toregozhina was visited by prosecutor’s office officials. They served her a written “clarification” that reminded her of the responsibility for “calling for participation in an illegal rally”[105]

February 12, Almaty, political analyst Dosym Satpayev: “The Kazakhstan authorities need a total purge and lustration. And we must start with the entire judicial and law-enforcement system, as it was done by Saakashvili. Security agencies were formed not for protection of citizens, but for protection of authorities from citizens, as a tool of intra-elite wars. Similar to many government agencies, the law enforcement agencies have a lot of random people, who, like everywhere else, were hired based on loyalty rather than professionalism”[106]

12 February, violation of the rights of Akylzhan Kiysimbaev for the January events. After his release from the LA-155/18 facility, suffering from a gunshot wound, he applied for help to state medical institutions, but they refused to provide him with treatment. In addition, the physicians put knowingly false information in the hospital discharge form[107]

On February 13, in Almaty, there was a mourning rally in memory of the victims of the January events. About 800 people came to the Republic Square with pictures of the victims, flowers and banners. Participants of the rally were accusing President K.Tokayev of loss of life — he was the one who gave the order «to shoot on sight». Participants of the rally demanded to impeach the President. The protesters demanded that all those imprisoned in connection with the January events be released, while some participants said that their relatives have been tortured by the law enforcers, who were seeking their self-incrimination[108]

On February 13, in Semey, relatives of illegally detained people held a peaceful protest with the demand to release their relatives. The deputy akim A.Sydarbayev approached them and said that it was prohibited to assemble[109]

On February 13, in Kokshetau, Marat Zhanuzakov was detained on the day of a nationwide rally in memory of the victims of the January events, on the theme of stopping the persecution of activists, releasing detainees, ending torture and beatings and publishing lists of victims. He was taken to the local police station and later released[110].

On February 13, in Nur-Sultan, Sarketpek Mustafin, was detained by police, who took him to the police station No.1 in the village of Michurino and kept him there until 6:30 p.m.[111]

On February 13, in Uralsk, Yeskendirova Marua, Khasanov Vasily and Orazbayev Amangeldy who were about to attend an event commemorating the victims of the January events have been detained. After being held by the police for several hours, they refused to testify or sign any paperwork and were later released[112]

On February 13, in Nur-Sultan city, the well-known marathon runner and activist Marat Zhylanbaev was detained while on his way to a rally commemorating the victims of the January events. He was taken to the Saryarka district police department of the capital city, where the police officers photographed him in profile and full-face, and released him three hours later[113]

On February 13, in Shymkent city, on the day of the action in memory of the victims of the January events, at least 10 activists reported that they could not leave the house because they were afraid of being detained. Yerlan Baltabay, a trade union activist, was detained by the officers outside the akimat building during his speech and taken to the police station[114]

On February 13, in Aktobe, activists paid tribute to the memory of the victims of the January events. They met and read ayats from Qur’an in the Nurdaulet mosque. Some of the activists were blocked in their houses[115]

On February 13, in Zhanaozen, Zhadyra Dosekeyeva was detained when she was leaving her house on the day of the actions in memory of the victims of the January events. In the morning, she wrote on her Facebook page that during the past two days, unknown individuals had been following her from a vehicle. She was broadcasting live on Facebook; the video shows several plainclothes men getting out of a car that stopped next to the activist, then they grab her and put her into the car. Two hours later, she was released[116]

On February 13, in Zhanaozen, about a dozen residents, after they learned about the detention of activist Dosekeyeva Zhadyra, went not to the square, but to the police headquarters and demanded to release her. There they held an action in memory of the victims of the January events and said a prayer for the victims[117]

On February 13, in Nur-Sultan, the President of Kazakhstan K. Tokayev visited the Khazret Sultan mosque in the city and participated in a memorial prayer. In his speech, Tokayev again mentioned the participation in the January events of those whom the authorities call «terrorists»[118]

On February 13, in Almaty, at a mourning rally, B. Abilov announced three main demands related to Nazarbayev: «Return the wealth of Nazarbayev to the people, rename the former Furmanov Avenue (now Nazarbayev Avenue) into Kantar Avenue and repeal the Law on the First President»[119]

On February 13, Vladimir Prokopyev, Shchuchinsk, posted a video on his Instagram page, as he tried to get into the city Akimat building to give the president an iron as a gift. “For Tokayev and Co.” was written on the iron. On the evening of that day he was detained by the NSC officers and taken to the district police department. He was assigned the status of “witness with the right to defense” in the case of incitement of social hatred, and the police took away his mobile phone and SIM card[120]

February 13, London, Trafalgar Square, a group of activists held a rally to support the mourning rally in Almaty that day. At the rally, participants brought sheets of paper with the names of the victims of the January events; they said a prayer and urged the Kazakhstani authorities to stop repressing the participants of the January protests[121]

February 14, Shymkent, Yerulan Amirov, ICh-167/1 facility, charged under Article 256, Part 2, Article 174, Part 1, Article 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK; another online court hearing was held, the judge Kakharov T.A. perform the 5th forensic psychiatric examination again, which was supported by the prosecutor and the representative of the facility[122]

February 14, Shymkent, as a result of the efforts of the Amanat Commission, 14 more people were released: Ishmetov T.A., Tataev N. K., Asyl K. A., Sadykov D. B., Makhan M. K., Aituov A. N., Mauesh S. D., Oralbay A. K., ShadibekovT., Saparbay D.E., Seilkhan N.E., Zhamantayev N. N., Taigaraev D.N., Smaiyl D.B. Due to the actions of the Commission, a total of 99 people were released[123].  

On February 14, in Taldykorgan, Azamat Batyrbayev, who participated in the toppling of the monument to Kazakhstan’s first President Nazarbayev, identified the law enforcers who tortured him with the iron, his lawyer Bauyrzhan Azanov said[124]

On February 14, in Nur-Sultan city, Kuspan Zhenis, journalist and blogger, was summoned for interrogation. Kuspan was given the status of “witness with the right to defense”. The journalist has refused to answer questions without a lawyer, and he has also refused to sign a confidentiality form, since this is his constitutionally protected right. He was summoned on the grounds of exposing fake information on the Internet[125]

February 14, Almaty region, “33 people, including eight juveniles, were released from pre-trial detention facilities and temporary detention facilities. 88 people remain in custody; in respect of 60 of them a measure of restraint was chosen which is not related to arrest. A total of 409 criminal cases on the January events are being investigated, including 158 on theft, 191 on illegal possession of weapons, 11 on terrorism, 3 on mass riots, and 3 on murders”, said at the briefing Amirov Rashid, the acting regional prosecutor[126]

On February 14, Zhanaozen residents, who have been meeting in front of the akimat since late last month and demanding employment in the oil industry, sent another video appeal to President of Kazakhstan Tokayev, the Chairman of the Board of the National Company «KazMunayGas» Aidarbayev Alik and the akim of Mangistau Region Nogayev Nurlan. Protesters demanded that the moratorium on employment in the oil and gas industry be lifted[127].

February 14, Almaty Region, “During the January riots in the region, 758 people were injured in various ways. 643 of them were police officers, 78 were military personnel, and 37 were civilians”. According to law enforcement officials, most of the victims “received minor wounds that were not life-threatening”, a representative of the prosecutor’s office said at a briefing[128].

February 14, Almaty region, “Eight administrative buildings, 68 official vehicles were damaged, seven of which were completely burned, and 512 weapons were stolen. 343 offenders were held administratively liable, 147 of them were placed under administrative arrest, 27 were fined, 169 offenders were warned”, a representative of the prosecutor’s office told a briefing[129].

On February 15, in Aktobe, medical ambulance drivers held a protest and demanded higher wages: “Our problem has not been addressed for four years, in December our leadership said that from the beginning of the year the ambulance service would be returned to the state responsibility and that wages would increase”[130].

On February 15, in Aktobe, workers of AGMTabys, a company engaged in the repair of passenger railcars, went to a rally to demand higher wages. According to the workers, they received 40 thousand tenge each for January[131].

February 15, Zhanaozen, the oil workers of Ozenmunaygas Company did not go back to their workplaces. They made political and social demands to the authorities. In addition to an increase in wages, they demanded that the authorities stop torture and immediately release the participants of the January rallies that were detained[132]

February 15, Kyzylorda, “2 criminal cases were registered in the region. Among them, 5 cases of terrorism, 2 cases of murder, 1 case of mass riots, 4 cases of theft of weapons, 4 cases   of violence against the representatives of the authorities, 2 cases of abuse of power and 54 cases on other facts. 103 people were identified as suspects in the crimes committed during the January events, and the involvement of these people in the crimes was found on the basis of “irrefutable evidence”, according to Kaziyev Maksat, First Deputy Prosecutor of Kyzylorda Oblast[133]

On February 15, in Almaty, activist Abay Yerekenov held a solitary picket near the Tauelsizdiktany Monument, where the January events took place. The activist demanded «to immediately stop repressions and tortures, “which had become widespread”[134]

February 15, “At first the lawyers will examine the case papers. Then there will be an expert evaluation, which will show whether it was a prearranged operation. We are currently negotiating with the FBI to have them do an expert evaluation. An act of terrorism in any country would remain an act of terrorism. There are internal and external acts of terrorism, and in order to evaluate them, we need experts, and we have very few of them in our country”, lawyer Ayman Umarova said[135]

February 15, Kyzylorda, police officers accuse NSC officers of pogroms and looting during the January protests in Kyzylorda, according to the “Base” channel[136]

February 15, Almaty, another reply was received from the Committee for Legal Statistics and Special Accounts of the General Prosecutor’s Office. “We asked to provide statistics on the articles of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. What does this have to do with personal data and statistics? Can someone explain it to us? We demand nothing but an international investigation. Where are the names of 227 victims? Where are the names of those in custody?» questions Bakhytzhan Toregozhina to the competent authority[137]

February 15, Almaty, “I would like to present you the documents as to why we, as a society, need an international investigation of the January events in Kazakhstan. Every day we make inquiries to government agencies with the aim of obtaining official information and at the same time (not expecting to get an answer) we collect information ourselves. We periodically post the information that we collect. And now I would like to post our request to the Departments of the Criminal Executive System and their responses. When you get such answers, you can realize that nothing has changed in the country”, — wrote human rights activist B. Toregozhina and posted the responses of state agencies[138]

February 15, “We ask the President to remove all NSC officers from the Interagency Investigative Task Force (IITF) of the Prosecutor General’s Office and suspend them from investigating criminal cases. We think that the people who were involved in this should not be engaged in the investigation”, the Chairwoman of the Akikat Commission, A. Umarova, said[139]

February 15, A. Umarova described cases of violent coercion to riots and acts of terrorism during the January events, when people were forced to participate in riots under threats to their lives[140]

On 16 February, in Almaty, about a dozen people were demanding that activist Darkhan Valiev, who had been detained following the January events, be released. The people gathered in front of the city prosecutor’s office had pictures of the activist and printouts saying: “Darkhan is not a terrorist”, “We demand his release”[141]

On February 16, in Almaty, Gulnar Bazhkenova, editor-in-chief of, reported that on the night of February 16 two unknown persons have attempted to break into the door of her apartment. Bazhkenova said that she attributed the incident to her professional activities, because, in her words, it happened after her publication about an executive from a quasi-public sector company[142]

On February 16, Zh. Yeshmagambetov, the Chairman of the Committee of the Penal and Correctional System of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, denied reports of torture of people detained during the January events in pre-trial detention facilities. “We declare with all responsibility — they do not correspond to reality, they mislead the society and distort the real situation” — said Yeshmagambetov at the briefing devoted to “the conditions of detention in the institutions of the Penal and Correctional System”[143]

On February 16, in Semey, Rollan Mashpiev, a human rights activist, reported that locals who had been earlier interrogated by the police were afraid to be questioned because of torture; some townspeople, for fear of being tortured by the police, were leaving the city. “If we go to the police, they may not let us out or accuse us of anything”, they claim[144]

16 February, — “I condemn the murder of journalist Muratkhan Bazarbayev, and I urge the authorities of Kazakhstan to investigate Bazarbayev’s death and bring those responsible to justice. Such an attack compromises press freedom and public access to reliable information”, said UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay[145]

February 16, Nur-Sultan, “In connection with the January events, 267 people with bodily injuries were placed in pre-trial detention facilities, 33 of whom were hospitalized. Others were treated in the medical units of the detention facilities and were regularly examined by civilian medical workers. In the remand prison there are 128 people accused of committing serious and particularly serious crimes, no physical or psychological pressure is applied to them”, said at a briefing the Chairman of the Committee of the Penal and Correctional System Ministry of Internal Affairs, Zh. Yeshmagambetov[146]

February 16, information on the number of detainees who were released under house arrest during the January protests in Kazakhstan, by city[147]

February 16, Nur-Sultan, “There are 741 persons in detention, while the Prosecutor’s Office received 363 complaints about “unauthorized methods of investigation” of persons detained in connection with the January events and 178 cases on these complaints are pending before the anticorruption service” said a representative of the Prosecutor General’s Office at a briefing [148]

February 16, Almaty, Darkhan Valiev, Article 272, Part 1 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, reported that employees of the Institution LA-155/18 kept torturing him. That after an 11-hour beating, the officers squeezed Darkhan’s eye with the neck of a plastic bottle and as a result he lost the sight in one eye[149]

February 16, Almaty, Sayat Adilbekuly, Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, his right to have a public defender was violated. His brother Alibek, who was a public defender, went to the prosecutor’s office to receive an answer to his petition, but he was refused to provide documents on the case and was told that he had been suspended as a defense lawyer[150]

February 17, Kyzylorda, relatives of the activist Muratbay Baimagambetov, who was arrested in connection with the January events under Article 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, expressed concern about his health. 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, expressed concern about his health condition. According to them, the health of the activist, who was detained in January and tortured, has deteriorated. They also said that there was no information that he was receiving any treatment in the pre-trial detention center. 

February 17, Almaty, Sanzhar Bokayev announced his intention to establish the party “Namys”. He said that the goal of the new party was “a completely new Kazakhstan, where there would be justice and where honest and decent people would be ruled”. The draft program of the party includes the “uncompromising war” against corruption, the return of “all foreign assets to the country, all of which were acquired with the money of the people”[151]

February 17, Nur-Sultan, Marat Akhmetzhanov, Chairman of the Anti-Corruption Agency, evaded answering the question of whether the funds of former President Nazarbayev’s family are being audited. He said that “monitoring the flow of monetary assets” was the job of the Financial Supervision Agency. Chairman of the Agency communicated with journalists within the walls of the Majilis of the Parliament[152]

March 17, Nur-Sultan, “The Ministry of Internal Affairs is investigating 2,739 criminal cases. They were mainly initiated in cases of theft, illegal arms trafficking, and intentional damage to someone else’s property. There are 271 people in custody, 196 of whom were earlier convicted of criminal offenses. 103 citizens were released”. Minister of Internal Affairs Turgumbayev reported to President Tokayev[153]

February 17, Nur-Sultan, “The NSC is investigating 27 criminal cases of violent capture of power, acts of terrorism, mass disorder and other crimes. 24 individuals have been detained and are being held in custody, 14 of them are members of destructive religious movements” Committee Chairman Yermek Sagimbaev reported to President Tokaye [154]

February 17, Taldykorgan, “the police officers violated the detainees with a truncheon and filmed it on video. The victims were afraid to file claims of torture, because the police officers have promised to post footage of the brutal violence on social networks”, reported human rights activist Ten Viktor, who received this information from the victims[155]

On February 17, a group of Kazakhstani public figures signed a statement of a political initiative called “Yel Bolashagy”, which urged political reforms and offered to return the capital to its old name, they also proposed to lower the threshold for party registration and to ensure party competition, to declare early parliamentary elections on a majority-proportional basis and to draft a law “On freedom of peaceful marches, rallies and demonstrations”.  To conduct an investigation of the January events in cooperation with international experts, release political prisoners, and identify and prosecute those responsible for torture[156]

On February 17, in Nur-Sultan, 6 female residents of Aktau held an action in front of the House of Ministries and demanded that the housing issue be addressed. They demanded the privatization of apartments leased to them in the period from 2019 to 2021 under the resettlement program from Zhanaozen to Aktau[157]

On February 17, in Almaty, the Deputy Head of the Almaty City Police Department, Rustam Abdrakhmanov, confirmed that “the information about the two headless bodies of police officers was not true”, adding that it was “a false information to demonize the protests”[158].  

February 17, Almaty, one month ago, Kazakhstani authorities reported that 225 bodies had been taken to the country’s morgues during the January events. Later, the Ministry of Health reported the deaths of two more wounded. The Prosecutor General’s Office refused to release the names of the dead, referring to secrecy of the investigation[159]

February 17, Nur-Sultan, “People are spreading false information that we are detaining innocent people. We should not forget that there are terrorists and criminals among them. Thousands of people went out to smash up the city, they perpetrated terrorist attacks, and then all of a sudden they all turned out to be peaceful citizens? How can you believe that?» — Kazakhstani President Tokayev said in an interview with the Kazakhstan TV channel[160]

February 17, Kyzylorda, Meshitali Talgat, Article 272, 380, 99 of the Criminal Code of the RK, who was detained during the January events and later released under house arrest has been remanded to custody after making public statements about torture[161]

On February 17, in Almaty, the Almaly district court sentenced Ontay Bakyt and Ozhet Zheniskhan to five years in prison each, under Article 291, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, “Theft or extortion of weapons”. The defendants pleaded guilty and testified that they stole weapons from the “Alpamys” store during the January protests[162].  

On February 17, President Tokayev in his interview responded to a question about torture that “such actions were unacceptable and measures would be taken for each case of violations, and all perpetrators would be brought to justice”. He pointed out that the Human Rights Ombudsman and independent human rights defenders also take part in the investigation of torture cases”[163]

February 18, Vice-Minister of Health Zhandos Burkitbayev, during a briefing at the Central Communications Service, could not answer a question of Radio Azattyk about the position of the Ministry with regard to patients who were forcibly removed from hospitals by police during or shortly after the January events. A number of health care experts point out that such actions are contrary to Article 29 of the Constitution of Kazakhstan, which guarantees a person the right to protection of health[164]

February 18, Nur-Sultan, 7 children were hospitalized with multiple gunshot wounds during the January events in Kazakhstan. As of today, six people are still being treated in hospitals, three in Almaty and three in Kyzylorda city. 1 patient is in serious condition in intensive care in Kyzylorda, he has a bullet wound. The number of people who died in medical institutions during the January events is 177, including 4 women. This was reported at a briefing at the Central Communications Service by a representative of the Ministry of Health[165]

On February 18, in Almaty, activists began to collect signatures for an online petition to President Tokayev urging him to bring to justice the security officers who were shooting at civilians during the January events. Bukeyeva Ardak, Darimbet Nazira and Tleubaeva Aigerim were named as the authors of the petition[166]

On February 18, in Almaty, a participant of the protest, Bek Syrym, gave his testimony to Radio Azattyk about the military shooting peaceful protesters on January 6 in the square. We were standing in a row with posters in our hands, and the military opened fire on us. It was uninterrupted shelling. We were still standing, but the APCs with soldiers drove up behind us, from both sides. Two APCs drove into our row, stood in the middle and started shooting at everyone with machine guns[167]

February 18, the measures the Kazakh government announced after the tragic events of January are “far from the essential independent investigation” expected of Nur-Sultan by many of its partners and the UN, the international human rights organization Human Rights Watch believes[168]

February 18, “80 appeals were registered, including 40 about unauthorized methods of investigation with the use of physical violence or cruel treatment. 197 criminal cases have been opened and are being investigated by the Anti-Corruption Service. From January 13 to February 14 we made 118 preventive visits to pretrial detention facilities, temporary detention facilities and reception centers in all regions. Five such facilities were visited in Almaty, 10 in Nur-Sultan, 12 in Shymkent, 8 in Almaty region, 12 in Pavlodar region, 21 in Zhambyl region, and 5-7 in other regions”, Ombudsman Azimova reported[169]

February 18, “Minors aged 16-17 were under detention, as of today they have been released on the surety of their parents. Twenty foreign nationals were detained: 12 from Uzbekistan, three from Russia, two from Kyrgyzstan, one from Tajikistan, one from China and one stateless person. Among the citizens of Kyrgyzstan, one is in Taraz and one in Ust-Kamenogorsk” — the Ombudsman E. Azimova said[170]

February 19, Nur-Sultan, “It is impossible to institute criminal proceedings against the family of ex-President Nazarbayev under the law, but it is not forbidden to investigate their activities, including the withdrawal of capital abroad”. The Minister of Justice, Musin Kanat, made this statement at a meeting with representatives of the media[171]

On February 18, in Nur-Sultan, the city court ordered the suspension of construction on two sites in Maly Taldykol Lake, the draining of which for housing construction has been a controversial issue. The court satisfied a special complaint of the Coalition of Corporate Lawyers Aqiqat, as reported by a representative of this association[172]

On February 18, in Almaty, Nurtai Kazhgaliev, a pupil of the orphanage was released for medical treatment from LA-155/18. This is an example of the result that can be achieved when the names of victims of illegal persecution and torture are made public. To keep silent in such situations means a sentence of death, disability, and prolonged detention on fabricated allegations[173].

On February 18, in Shymkent, Nurzhanov Aidyn, Nurganov Amirkhan, Zhankozhaev Azamat under Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK, were released on their own recognizance, they are graduates of children’s homes who were suspected of committing a crime during the January events. According to their relatives and defenders, the investigators want to use “videos taken from a distance” as evidence[174].

On February 19, in Kyzylorda, the vehicle of civil activist Marat Altynbekuly, in which there were activists Aydar Syzdykov and Toleu Zhaksybalayev, was unreasonably stopped. Marat was fined under Article 590 of the Administrative Offences Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the amount of 15 thousand tenge for allegedly not turning on the headlights[175].

On February 20, in Shymkent, a group of people gathered in front of the Dendropark and urged President Tokayev to secure a fair investigation into the cases of the people who had been killed and arrested during the January events. They demanded that information about those who had shot people and in what circumstances should be made public[176].

On February 20, in Berlin, activists came out with posters “Stop terror in Kazakhstan”, “EU don’t turn a blind eye”, “Tokayev = Nazarbayev”, “Stop tortures. Gulag is back to KZ”. A similar action in support of Kazakhstan and Ukraine was held in Washington, D.C.[177]

On February 21, journalists made public an investigation into the leaked data of the Swiss bank CreditSuisse. Among the clients were people who were charged with various crimes. Assets of President Tokayev’s family were found[178].

February 21, “The Kazakh authorities are not interested in seeking the truth about the January events. We need an international investigation to find the real perpetrators and to prevent the tragedy from happening again! We all want to live in a safe Kazakhstan!”, said human rights activist B. Toregozhina[179].  

On February 21, in Shymkent, a group of people came to the building of the City Prosecutor’s Office and urged the Prosecutor Gabit Mukanov to come out and show them evidence, proving the guilt of their relatives who had been detained in connection with the January events. The protesters demanded that the charges against the detainees be dismissed or that their criminal cases be replaced with administrative[180].

February 21, Nur-Sultan, “As of today, 2,729 criminal cases are pending in which 250 people have been arrested, 140 people have been put under non-custodial restraint: house arrest — 62 persons, release on bail — 33, and recognizance not to leave — 45. Investigators have completed 107 criminal cases related to the January events. 86 accused persons were transferred to the court and 52 people were convicted”, said a representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs at a briefing[181]

On February 21, a protest by employees of the Burgylau oilfield service company in Zhanaozen, who demanded better working conditions and safety, led to them being put on trial for engaging in protests. The employer brought the case before the court on two occasions. In the first case he sued them for distributing their claims in the form of a video appeal to the president, but the court dismissed his claim as unfounded. In the second, he demanded that the strike be declared as “illegal”, and the court upheld the claim.

On February 21, in Uralsk, Askar Davletcharov, lawyer, came out to the building of the regional court with a banner “Stop the practice of fake defense of state interests”. “The judicial system has changed its attitude to the law: instead of defending the law, they defend someone else’s interests. In particular, state interests”, said Davletcharov[182].

February 21, Nur-Sultan, “By identifying the causes and details of the January events, we can clearly see that initially the citizens went to a peaceful rally, and then the initiative was taken by the criminal, destructive forces who organized the unrest.. They have perpetrated acts of terrorism aimed at seizing state power. Criminals have deliberately attacked government facilities and perpetrated mass disturbances in the regions”, Kilimzhanov, a representative of the prosecutor’s office, said at a briefing[183]

February 21, “The true cause of Bloody January was the deterioration of the social and economic well-being of workers in Kazakhstan. The numerous strikes of workers in various spheres that took place in Kazakhstan in 2021 confirmed this fact”, the association of Kazakhstan trade unions “Amanat”, the public association “Grazhdanskaya Oborona” and the public organization “Krasnaya Yurta: declared to the government[184].

February 21, Nur-Sultan, “The interagency investigation team under the leadership of special prosecutors is investigating 91 cases, of which there are 46 cases on acts of terrorism and 45 cases on mass disorder. Within the framework of the investigation of these cases, 469 persons are being detained with court approval. Suspects even in such serious crimes were not made an exception in order to have their sentences commuted”, said Kilimzhanov, a representative of the Prosecutor General’s Office[185]

On February 22, in Kyzylorda, a politically charged criminal case was initiated against Nurlan Matenov under Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan (“participation in mass disorder”). The reason was that he was caught on a video camera. He was released home for 72 hours, after which the court held to decide on the measure of restraint[186].

February 22, Nur-Sultan, “the Embassy of Uzbekistan sent a note to the Foreign Ministry of Kazakhstan in connection with the arrest of Uzbek citizens after the January events”,»said Uzbek Foreign Ministry official Yusup Kabulzhan [187]

On February 22, in Taldykorgan, human rights defender Viktor Ten, following the information posted on the page of the Almaty region police department about the beginning of the pre-trial investigation against him under Article 274, Part 2, clause 3 of the Criminal Code of the RK “Deliberately false information”, posted a message on his Facebook page, where he retracted his words[188]

On February 22, “as of today 191 criminal cases have been initiated regarding unauthorized methods of investigation and violations of human rights. The arrested citizens include 55 people with various types of injuries, 8 people — with consequences from fractures and 213 people — with hematomas, all of them are currently receiving medical treatment in the facility” — reported the ombudsman E.Azimova[189]

February 22, Nur-Sultan, “The riot police detained a group of about 30 protesters. They were attempting to gain access to the Supreme Court building in order to express their disagreement with the illegal decisions of the local courts. Later, after they had written explanatory statements, they were all released”, said activist Esengazy Kuandyk. [190].

On February 22, Yermek Abdreshov was injured during the January events in Almaty. During hospital treatment he was taken to LA-155/18 facility, where he was subjected to torture and beatings, as a result of which he lost his eyesight permanently. “Now he can’t take care of himself”, he said[191].

February 23, Almaty, Gaukhar Kerimbekova, mother of Sultan Kylychbek who was killed during the protests, demands from the President: “To build a memorial to those killed during the Almaty tragedy, to include her son’s name in the list on the memorial stele, decorate her son posthumously, to provide the family of the dead young man with an apartment for moral damage, to keep the status of a mother with many children, although the woman does not request the return of her state allowance”[192].

February 23, Nur-Sultan, “During the January events, for a long time the criminals were not able to penetrate the premises of gun stores, despite the use of special cutting tools and equipment. At the same time, the requirement to store weapons in deactivated condition in sales halls contributed to the disorientation of the attackers’ actions, due to which the main storage facilities were practically not subject to break-ins” said Prime Minister Smailov[193].

On 23 February, in Nur-Sultan city, Anton Faubriy was detained at 16 Republic Street during a picket. The purpose of the picket: 1.Issues of implementation/non-implementation of people’s power in the Constitution and legislation of Kazakhstan; 2.Protest against torture in the state bodies. The police took the activist to the Saryarka district police department, held him there until 7 p.m., and then let him go[194].

February 23, Nur-Sultan, “Six people detained during the January events died because of “unauthorized methods of interrogation”, namely 2 people in the TDF of Almaty, 3 in the East Kazakhstan region and 1 person in Taldykorgan. We also took under consideration a high-profile case of torture with the use of an iron against a resident of Taldykorgan”, said a representative of the Prosecutor General’s Office, Ozharov Rizabek[195].

February 23, Kostanay, the court dismissed the parole application of Kurmangazy Utegenov, who has been in prison for more than 15 years under a sentence in the “Shanyrak case”. The basis for the denial was a “violation of the rules”[196].

On February 23, in Semey, dozens of parents and family members of people, who were detained during the January events, met with representatives of the Public Commission for the Investigation of the January Events. Earlier, the group had marched several blocks from the Prosecutor’s Office building to the House of Friendship, chanting “Bostandyk!”. Before they entered the hall on one of the floors of the House of Friendship, people in front of the building expressed their disagreement with the criminal cases, and were shouting: «Halyk terrorist emes!» (The people are not terrorists!), and “No to terror!”[197].

23 February, reports of torture in the form of sexualized violence are always under the particular attention of the «Coalition Against Torture». From its experience in monitoring and working with this type of torture in Kazakhstan, the Coalition knows that the most important aspect of investigating and publicizing such reports is to keep victims safe, especially those who remain in custody, and to guarantee them confidentiality in the public sphere[198].

On February 23, in Zhanaozen, Zhanbolat Mamay was attacked during his meeting with striking mothers of many children. The attackers were masked and wearing goggles, police officers were silently watching from the side Mamai came to support striking mothers of many children who asked President Tokayev to let them privatize their rental housing[199]

On February 23, Burabay District Court of Akmola region delivered a ruling to return the administrative case against Vladimir Prokopiev, who attempted to pass an iron to the President of Kazakhstan Tokayev as a “gift” in front of the city Akimat. The decision to return the case was based on «the fact that there was no evidence of an administrative offence”[200]

On February 24, in Ust-Kamenogorsk, dozens of relatives of people, who were detained during the January events, came to the regional prosecutor’s office. A meeting with representatives of the prosecutor’s office and members of the independent commission, which investigated the January events, had been scheduled in the assembly hall. During the meeting, the mobile communication was cut short, except for the mobile communication of the prosecutor’s office staff[201].

On February 24, Senate Speaker Maulen Ashimbay in an interview with journalists said, “There was no order to law enforcement agencies to shoot peaceful people”. He believes the terrorists purposely shot civilians to set them against the military[202].

On February 24, in Kyzylorda, four law enforcement officers visited the house of lawyer Bedenbayev Adilkhan, Article 272, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the RK, 44 days after his unlawful arrest, to conduct an unlawful search. The wife of the lawyer Bedenbayevа Zhanna did not allow the policemen to enter the house, having informed them by phone that only her minor children were at home.

On February 24, in Almaty, near the Consulate General of Russia, activists were detained for participating in an anti-war action. They were holding posters “No to War”, “Hands off Ukraine”. The following activists were detained: Sharipov Darhan, Shashaev Marsel, Tolymbekov Beibarys, Tleubekov Marat, Sharipzhan Bota, Taishibekova Nargiza, Asieva Eiri, Vika Kovalchuk, Kotova Olesya, Zainutdinova Kamila. The police asked them to provide an explanatory notes and sign statements saying that they have no claims against the police officers, and let them go[203].

On February 24, in Aktobe, Bagdagul Diyarova was summoned for interrogation by the police following her statement that she was going to hold a solitary picket to demand the release of Narymbaev Yermek. In Diyarova’s words, she was interrogated as a witness in an unknown criminal case and spent about an hour at the police station, where she answered the questions of the investigators[204].

On February 24, in Almaty, there was an online expedited hearing of Valikhan Sultanov’s lawsuit against the Mental Health Center of Almaty, where he was held for ten days. The court, having refused to summon the physicians of the Center for questioning, quickly proceeded to the debate, which, in fact, did not take place. Referring to previous evidence of voluntary admission to the hospital, the judge dismissed the complaint[205]

On February 25, in Nur-Sultan, activists held a marathon in memory of Dulat Agadil, who died on February 25, 2020 under unclear circumstances in the Nur-Sultan pretrial detention facility. Marat Zhylanbayev, a famous marathon runner, was the event’s organizer. The participants of the marathon in the Botanical Garden were watched by police officers[206]

On February 25, in Almaty, the Bureau for Human Rights held a meeting with representatives of the EU delegation to Kazakhstan that coordinates a project (under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights — EIDHR) to combat torture in Kazakhstan and support the Coalition of NGOs of Kazakhstan against Torture. The January events and violence against detainees perpetrated by security officials highlighted the need to work by the Coalition, which has undertaken visits to closed facilities and provided advocacy assistance to dozens of victims[207].

On February 25, in Uralsk, Urazbayev Amangeldy went out of the house and was about to go to a protest rally to demand an end to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, but unknown law enforcement officials rudely detained the activist and put him in a police van. Later he was released[208].

On February 25, the website posted on its YouTube channel the second part of the documentary movie “Shocking Asia. Nuclear Billions», which addressed corruption during the construction of the Radioisotope Diagnostics and Therapy Department of the Center for Nuclear Medicine and Oncology in Semey. Even before the film was released, Editor-in-chief Ezhenova Karlygash began receiving threats[209].

On February 25, in Almaty, in front of the Consulate General of Russia an anti-war action was held again. There were several people who came to express their support for Ukraine and to speak out against Russia’s military actions in this country[210]

On February 26, in Almaty, there was a rally for clean air, attended by about 200 people. The rally in Valikhanov Square was authorized by the local authorities. The event was organized by the environmental movement “Clean Air Almaty:, the HAQ Association, Almaty Clean Air and Water Action Groups, and the city’s eco-activists[211].

On February 26, in Almaty, Zh. Mamai was placed under administrative arrest for 15 days under Article 488, Part 7 of the Administrative Offences Code of the RK and Dostiyarov Dauren for 5 days for participating in an unauthorized commemoration rally on 13 February 2022 in Almaty. 

On February 26, the Anti-Corruption Agency invited Vikram Ruzakhunov, who suffered from security forces during the January protests, to visit Kazakhstan in order to conduct investigations. He asked Kyrgyz authorities to accompany him and Kazakh authorities to ensure his safety[212]

On February 27, in Almaty, there was an authorized rally organized by the unregistered party El Tiregi and entitled “Registration of new parties”. Nurzhan-Altaev demanded to register all political parties that have been seeking this for several years and to lower the threshold to three thousand people. He and his comrades-in-arms also demand that the parliament be dissolved and new elections held. He believes that otherwise there will be no chance to avoid a repetition of the January events. About 200 people participated in the rally[213]

On February 27, in Almaty, Elena Semyonova visited facility LA-155/18 in Almaty, where she met with 172 detainees: 42 detainees reported torture, 8 criminal cases were opened, 6 detainees refused to file complaints because they do not see any point in it, 3 detainees reported that they will file a complaint after the trial, as they are afraid that they will be convicted. The investigator used torture with an iron on 7 detainees, 2 detainees were taken out to a cemetery, others were beaten on the head with a machine gun; a stun gun and a truncheon were used. They also fired traumatic weapons at the legs of the detainees; the torture lasted from one hour to a week[214]

On February 27, in Taldykorgan, Semyonova Elena, a human rights activist, met with 85 detainees in the pre-trial detention facility in Taldykorgan: torture was used against 36 detainees, 26 criminal cases were opened. Three detainees refused to file a complaint because they did not see the point of it and did not want to talk about it. Police officers used torture on detainees with electric shocks, truncheons, helmets, automatic rifles, and traumatic weapons. Torture lasted from one hour to three days[215]

On February 27, in Uralsk, Akhmedyarov Lukpan was summoned to the police for giving explanations following a complaint from a certain citizen, Lomakina N. В. The complaint indicated that Akhmedyarov has triggered a conflict in Instagram between Lomakina and another user, using foul language[216]

February 28, “The General Prosecutor’s Office has initiated 203 criminal cases on torture and abuse of power. Nine officers, allegedly responsible for the use of illegal methods of investigation, have been identified and detained” — said a representative of the General Prosecutor’s Office, Shalabayev Serik[217]

On February 28, the Kazakhstankhalkyna Fund reported about the decision to provide financial assistance to the families of killed and seriously wounded military and security forces personnel, as well as to the families of civilians who were accidentally killed or wounded during the January events, and to the families of killed and wounded children. Referring to the data of the Commissioner for Human Rights Elvira Azimova, the Kazakhstankhalkyna Fund reported about 29 citizens of Kazakhstan who were accidentally killed during the January events[218]

February 28, West Kazakhstan region, Aksai, Sapiyev Murat, Article 405, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the third court hearing took place. In recent years, most of the civil activists in Kazakhstan are prosecuted under the article 405. Human rights activists call this article “political”[219].

On February 28, in Karaganda, the Kazakhstani Company Remstroyservice, which provides telecommunications services in the region, stopped broadcasting Russian news and information TV channels in protest against the military actions in Ukraine. This refers to those federal channels that show news and television programs. In the evening of the same day, the broadcasting of Russian channels and TV programs was restored[220].  

February 28, Almaty, Anti-Corruption Agency officers investigate torture against Rashid Igisinov, who accused police officers of having beaten him during his detention. The Almaty city prosecutor’s office reported that a criminal offense under Article 146, Part 1 of the Criminal Code of the RK “Torture” was registered in the Unified Register of Pre-Trial Investigations in order to verify Igisinov’s complaint[221].